Liquid Crystal Displays-History of Serendipity and Scientific Insight-

Shohei NAEMURA  

C - Abstracts of IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics (Japanese Edition)   Vol.J100-C   No.10   pp.483-492
Publication Date: 2017/10/01
Online ISSN: 1881-0217
Type of Manuscript: INVITED PAPER (Special Section on IEICE 100th-Anniversary Historical Review on Electronics for Communication)
liquid crystal,  liquid crystal display,  discovery and invention,  science and technology,  

Full Text(in Japanese): FreePDF(448.6KB)

The discovery of liquid crystal and the invention of liquid crystal display can be the result of fortuity and serendipity. The story behind the scientific recognition of its discovery and the commercialization of the invention is full of scientific controversy and conflict of opinion. It will be emphasized that liquid crystal displays became successful in the electronics industry by the technological development upon a basis of scientific insight. This review article will tell the history of liquid crystal from its discovery to the early stage of its display application, hoping this proved helpful to its future.