Key Frame Extraction Based on Chaos Theory and Color Information for Video Summarization

Jaeyong JU  Taeyup SONG  Bonhwa KU  Hanseok KO  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E99-D   No.6   pp.1698-1701
Publication Date: 2016/06/01
Publicized: 2016/02/23
Online ISSN: 1745-1361
DOI: 10.1587/transinf.2015EDL8247
Type of Manuscript: LETTER
Category: Image Processing and Video Processing
Keyword: 
key frame extraction,  video summarization,  chaos theory,  content change,  

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Summary: 
Key frame based video summarization has emerged as an important task for efficient video data management. This paper proposes a novel technique for key frame extraction based on chaos theory and color information. By applying chaos theory, a large content change between frames becomes more chaos-like and results in a more complex fractal trajectory in phase space. By exploiting the fractality measured in the phase space between frames, it is possible to evaluate inter-frame content changes invariant to effects of fades and illumination change. In addition to this measure, the color histogram-based measure is also used to complement the chaos-based measure which is sensitive to changes of camera /object motion. By comparing the last key frame with the current frame based on the proposed frame difference measure combining these two complementary measures, the key frames are robustly selected even under presence of video fades, changes of illumination, and camera/object motion. The experimental results demonstrate its effectiveness with significant improvement over the conventional method.