Exploiting EEG Channel Correlations in P300 Speller Paradigm for Brain-Computer Interface

Yali LI  Hongma LIU  Shengjin WANG  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E99-D   No.6   pp.1653-1662
Publication Date: 2016/06/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1361
DOI: 10.1587/transinf.2014EDP7399
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Biological Engineering
brain-computer interface (BCI),  channel correlation analysis,  virtual channels,  P300 speller paradigm,  

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A brain-computer interface (BCI) translates the brain activity into commands to control external devices. P300 speller based character recognition is an important kind of application system in BCI. In this paper, we propose a framework to integrate channel correlation analysis into P300 detection. This work is distinguished by two key contributions. First, a coefficient matrix is introduced and constructed for multiple channels with the elements indicating channel correlations. Agglomerative clustering is applied to group correlated channels. Second, the statistics of central tendency are used to fuse the information of correlated channels and generate virtual channels. The generated virtual channels can extend the EEG signals and lift up the signal-to-noise ratio. The correlated features from virtual channels are combined with original signals for classification and the outputs of discriminative classifier are used to determine the characters for spelling. Experimental results prove the effectiveness and efficiency of the channel correlation analysis based framework. Compared with the state-of-the-art, the recognition rate was increased by both 6% with 5 and 10 epochs by the proposed framework.