Unitary Transform-Based Template Protection and Its Application to l2-norm Minimization Problems

Ibuki NAKAMURA  Yoshihide TONOMURA  Hitoshi KIYA  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E99-D   No.1   pp.60-68
Publication Date: 2016/01/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1361
DOI: 10.1587/transinf.2015MUP0007
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Enriched Multimedia---Creation of a New Society through Value-added Multimedia Content---)
biometrics,  template protection,  unitary transform,  l2-norm minimization,  

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We focus on the feature transform approach as one methodology for biometric template protection, where the template consists of the features extracted from the biometric trait. This study considers some properties of the unitary (including orthogonal) transform-based template protection in particular. It is known that the Euclidean distance between the templates protected by a unitary transform is the same as that between original (non-protected) ones as a property. In this study, moreover, it is shown that it provides the same results in l2-norm minimization problems as those of original templates. This means that there is no degradation of recognition performance in authentication systems using l2-norm minimization. Therefore, the protected templates can be reissued multiple times without original templates. In addition, a DFT-based template protection scheme is proposed as an unitary transform-based one. The proposed scheme enables to efficiently generate protected templates by the FFT, in addition to the useful properties. It is also applied to face recognition experiments to evaluate the effectiveness.