GRMR: Greedy Regional Multicast Routing for Wireless Sensor Networks

Shimin SUN  Li HAN  Sunyoung HAN  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E99-D   No.1   pp.21-29
Publication Date: 2016/01/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1361
DOI: 10.1587/transinf.2015NTP0014
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on the Architectures, Protocols, and Applications for the Future Internet)
data centric routing,  greedy routing,  multicast tree construction,  flooding,  Internet of Things (IoT),  

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Information Centric Networking (ICN) is a promising architecture as an alternative paradigm to traditional IP networking. The innovative concepts, such as named data, name-based routing, and in-network caching bring lots of benefits to Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs). Simple and robust communication model of ICN, based on interest/data messages exchange, is appealing to be deployed in WSNs. However, ICN architectures are designed for power supplied network devices rather than resource-constrained sensor nodes. Introducing ICN-liked architecture to WSNs needs to rethink the naming scheme and forwarding strategy to meet the requirements of energy efficiency and failure recovery. This paper presents a light weight data centric routing mechanism (GRMR) for interest dissemination and data delivery in location-aware WSNs. A simple naming scheme gives assistance for routing decision by individual nodes. Greedy routing engaging with regional multicast mechanism provides an efficient data centric routing approach. The performance is analytically evaluated and simulated in NS-2. The results indicate that GRMR achieves significant energy efficiency under investigated scenarios.