A Method for Evaluating Degradation Phenomenon of Electrical Contacts Using a Micro-Sliding Mechanism — Minimal Sliding Amplitudes against Input Waveforms —

Shin-ichi WADA  Koichiro SAWA  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E99-C   No.9   pp.999-1008
Publication Date: 2016/09/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
DOI: 10.1587/transele.E99.C.999
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Recent Development of Electro-Mechanical Devices)
electrical contact,  micro-sliding mechanism,  frictional force,  minimal sliding amplitude,  input,  output,  

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Authors have studied degradation phenomenon on electrical contacts under the influences of an external micro-oscillation. A new micro-sliding mechanism 2 (MSM2) has developed, which provides micro-sliding driven by a piezo-electric actuator and elastic hinges. The experimental results are obtained on “minimal sliding amplitudes” to make resistances fluctuate on electrical contacts under some conditions which are three types of inputwaveform (sinusoidal, rectangular, and impulsive) and three levels of frictional force (1.6, 1.0, and 0.3 N/pin) by using the MSM2. The dynamical characteristics are discussed under the conditions. The simple theoretical model on the input signal and the output of the mechanism is built and the theoretical expressions from the model are obtained. A natural angular frequency (ω0=12600[s-1]) and a damping ratio (ζ=0.03[-]) are evaluated using experimental dynamical responses. The waveforms of inputs and outputs are obtained and the characteristics between inputs and outputs are also obtained on the theoretical model using the above. The maximal gain between the input and the output in rectangular or impulsive (24.4) is much larger than that (0.0) in sinusoidal. The difference on the output-accelerations between in sinusoidal and in rectangular (impulsive) is discussed. It is shown that it is possible to cause the degradation phenomenon in sinusoidal only when the output displacement are enlarged. It is also shown that it is possible to cause the phenomenon in rectangular or in impulsive, in addition to the above, when the external force has sharper rising and falling waveforms even if the displacement and the frequency of the force is small. The difference on the output-amplitudes between in rectangular and in impulsive is discussed. It is not clear that there is the difference between the effect in rectangular and that in impulsive. It is indicated that it is necessary to discuss the other causes, for instance, another dynamical, thermal, and chemical process.