Observation of Break Arc Rotated by Radial Magnetic Field in a 48VDC Resistive Circuit Using Two High-Speed Cameras


IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E99-C   No.9   pp.1027-1030
Publication Date: 2016/09/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
DOI: 10.1587/transele.E99.C.1027
Type of Manuscript: BRIEF PAPER
arc discharge,  contact erosion,  high-speed camera,  

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Break arcs are rotated with the radial magnetic field formed by a magnet embedded in a fixed cathode contact. The break arcs are generated in a 48VDC resistive circuit. The circuit current when the contacts are closed is 10A. The depth of the magnet varies from 1mm to 4mm to change the strength of the radial magnetic field for rotating break arcs. Images of break arcs are taken by two high-speed cameras from two directions and the rotational motion of the break arcs is observed. The rotational period of rotational motion of the break arcs is investigated. The following results are obtained. The break arcs rotate clockwise on the cathode surface seen from anode side. This rotation direction conforms to the direction of the Lorentz force that affects to the break arcs with the radial magnetic field. The rotational period gradually decreases during break operation. When the depth of magnet is larger, the rotational period becomes longer.