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STM Study on Adsorption Structures of Cs on the As-Terminated GaAs(001) (2×4) Surface by Alternating Supply of Cs and O2
Masayuki HIRAO Daichi YAMANAKA Takanori YAZAKI Jun OSAKO Hokuto IIJIMA Takao SHIOKAWA Hikota AKIMOTO Takashi MEGURO
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics
Publication Date: 2016/03/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Progress towards System Nanotechnology)
work function, gallium arsenide, negative electron, affinity, photoemission, photocathode, scanning tunneling microscope,
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Negative electron affinity (NEA) surfaces can be formed by alternating supply of alkali metals (e.g. Cs, Rb, K) and oxygen on semiconductor surfaces. We have studied adsorption structures of Cs on an As-terminated (2×4) (001) GaAs surface using scanning tunneling microscopy (STM). We found that the initial adsorption of Cs atoms occurs around the step sites in the form of Cs clusters and that the size of clusters is reduced by successive exposure to O2, indicating that As-terminated (2×4) surfaces are relatively stable compared to Ga-terminated surfaces and are not broken by the Cs clusters adsorption.