Knowledge-Based Reestablishment of Primary Exclusive Region in Database-Driven Spectrum Sharing

Takayuki NISHIO

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E99-B    No.9    pp.2019-2027
Publication Date: 2016/09/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.2016SNP0014
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Integration Technologies of Ambient Intelligence and Sensor Networks)
5G,  cognitive radio,  spectrum sharing,  database,  stochastic geometry,  

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Technological developments in wireless communication have led to an increasing demand for radio frequencies. This has necessitated the practice of spectrum sharing to ensure optimal usage of the limited frequencies, provided this does not cause interference. This paper presents a framework for managing an unexpected situation in which a primary user experiences harmful interference with regard to database-driven secondary use of spectrum allocated to the primary user towards 5G mobile networks, where the primary user is assumed to be a radar system. In our proposed framework, the primary user informs a database that they are experiencing harmful interference. Receiving the information, the database updates a primary exclusive region in which secondary users are unable to operate in the licensed spectrum. Subsequent to the update, this primary exclusive region depends on the knowledge about the secondary users when the primary user experiences harmful interference, knowledge of which is stored in the database. We assume a circular primary exclusive region centered at a primary receiver and derive an optimal radius of the primary exclusive region by applying stochastic geometry. Then, for each type of knowledge stored in the database for the secondary user, we evaluate the optimal radius for a target probability that the primary user experiences harmful interference. The results show that the more detailed the knowledge of the secondary user's density and transmission power stored in the database, the smaller the radius that has to be determined for the primary exclusive region after the update and the more efficient the spatial reuse of the licensed spectrum that can be achieved.