Welch FFT Segment Size Selection Method for Spectrum Awareness System


IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E99-B   No.8   pp.1813-1823
Publication Date: 2016/08/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.2015EBP3401
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Fundamental Theories for Communications
cognitive radio,  duty cycle,  dynamic spectrum access,  spectrum measurement,  Welch FFT,  

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We create a practical method to set the segment size of the Welch FFT for wideband and long-term spectrum usage measurements in the context of hierarchical dynamic spectrum access (DSA). An energy detector (ED) based on the Welch FFT can be used to detect the presence or absence of primary user (PU) signal and to estimate the duty cycle (DC). In signal detection with the Welch FFT, segment size is an important design parameter since it determines both the detection performance and the frequency resolution. Between these two metrics, there is a trade-off relationship which can be controlled by adjusting the segment size. To cope with this trade-off relationship, we define an optimum and, more easy to analyze sub-optimum segment size design criterion. An analysis of the sub-optimum segment size criterion reveals that the resulting segment size depends on the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and the DC. Since in practice both SNR and DC are unknown, proper segment setting is difficult. To overcome this problem, we propose an adaptive segment size selection (ASSS) method that uses noise floor estimation outputs. The proposed method does not require any prior knowledge on the SNR or the DC. Simulation results confirm that the proposed ASSS method matches the performance achieved with the optimum design criterion.