A Prediction-Based Approach to Moving-Phenomenon Monitoring Using Mobile Sensor Nodes

Duc Van LE  Hoon OH  Seokhoon YOON  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E99-B   No.8   pp.1754-1762
Publication Date: 2016/08/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.2015CCP0025
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Advanced Information and Communication Technologies and Services in Conjunction with Main Topics of APCC2015)
Category: Network
mobile sensor nodes,  moving phenomenon,  virtual forces,  mobility prediction,  oscillation movement,  

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Deploying a group of mobile sensor (MS) nodes to monitor a moving phenomenon in an unknown and open area includes a lot of challenges if the phenomenon moves quickly and due to the limited capabilities of MS nodes in terms of mobility, sensing and communication ranges. To address these challenges and achieve a high weighted sensing coverage, in this paper, we propose a new algorithm for moving-phenomenon monitoring, namely VirFID-MP (Virtual Force (VF)-based Interest-Driven phenomenon monitoring with Mobility Prediction). In VirFID-MP, the future movement of the phenomenon is first predicted using the MS nodes' movement history data. Then, the prediction information is used to calculate a virtual force, which is utilized to speed up MS nodes toward the moving phenomenon. In addition, a prediction-based oscillation-avoidance algorithm is incorporated with VirFID-MP movement control to reduce the nodes' energy consumption. Our simulation results show that VirFID-MP outperforms original VirFID schemes in terms of weighted coverage efficiency and energy consumption.