Energy Management Mechanism for Wi-Fi Tethering Mode on a Mobile Device

Worapol TANGKOKIATTIKUL  Aphirak JANSANG  Anan PHONPHOEM  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E99-B   No.7   pp.1619-1627
Publication Date: 2016/07/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.2015EBP3473
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Terrestrial Wireless Communication/Broadcasting Technologies
Keyword: 
IEEE802.11,  personal Wi-Fi hotspot,  mobile tethering device,  power saving mechanism,  

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Summary: 
Personal Wi-Fi Hotspot, the Wi-Fi tethering function, is widely deployed on mobile devices to allow other wireless clients to share Internet access via a broadband connection. Its advantages include no connection fee and support of non-3G/LTE devices. However, utilizing this function can rapidly deplete the battery power of the tethering device because both interface connections (3G/LTE and Wi-Fi) are always on. To address this problem, this paper proposes the Energy Management Mechanism for Wi-Fi Tethering Mode on Mobile Devices (EMWT). The mechanism is designed to effectively manage both interfaces by adjusting certain sleep durations according to the incoming traffic. Short, Long, and Deep sleep durations are introduced for saving energy. EMWT can also guarantee the packet delay bound by limiting the maximum sleep period. Five traffic rates, composed of very low, low, medium, high, and very high, are evaluated. NS-3 simulation results reveal that energy savings of up to 52.52% can be achieved with only a slight impact on system performance, in terms of end-to-end delay, throughput, and packet loss.