Novel Design of Dual-Band Reconfigurable Dipole Antenna Using Lumped and Distributed Elements

Kazuhiko HONJO

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E99-B    No.7    pp.1550-1557
Publication Date: 2016/07/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.2015EBP3480
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Antennas and Propagation
reconfigurable antennas,  dipole antennas,  equivalent circuit,  dual-band antenna,  varactors,  multipole expansion,  

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A frequency-reconfigurable dipole antenna, whose dual resonant frequencies are independently controlled, is introduced. The antenna's conductor consists of radiating conductors, lumped and distributed elements, and varactors. To design the antenna, current distribution, input impedance, and radiation power including higher-order modes, are analyzed for a narrow-angle sectorial antenna embedded with passive elements. To derive the formulae used, radiation power is analyzed in two ways: using Chu's equivalent circuit and the multipole expansion method. Numerical estimations of electrically small antennas show that dual-band antennas are feasible. The dual resonant frequencies are controlled with the embedded series and shunt inductors. A dual-band antenna is fabricated, and measured input impedances agree well with the calculated data. With the configuration, an electrically small 2.5-/5-GHz dual-band reconfig-urable antenna is designed and fabricated, where the reactance values for the series and shunt inductors are controlled with varactors, each connected in series to the inductors. Varying the voltages applied to the varactors varies the measured upper and lower resonant frequencies between 2.6 and 2.9GHz and between 5.1 and 5.3GHz, where the other resonant frequency is kept almost identical. Measured radiation patterns on the H-plane are almost omni-directional for both bands.