RTCO: Reliable Tracking for Continuous Objects Using Redundant Boundary Information in Wireless Sensor Networks

Sang-Wan KIM  Yongbin YIM  Hosung PARK  Ki-Dong NAM  Sang-Ha KIM  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E99-B   No.7   pp.1464-1480
Publication Date: 2016/07/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.2015EBP3431
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Network
continuous objects,  reliable tracking,  fast recovery,  redundant information,  wireless sensor networks,  

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Energy-efficient tracking of continuous objects such as fluids, gases, and wild fires is one of the important challenging issues in wireless sensor networks. Many studies have focused on electing fewer nodes to report the boundary information of continuous objects for energy saving. However, this approach of using few reporting packets is very sensitive to packet loss. Many applications based on continuous objects tracking require timely and precise boundary information due to the danger posed by the objects. When transmission of reporting packets fails, applications are unable to track the boundary reliably and a delay is imposed to recover. The transmission failure can fatally degrade application performance. Thus, it is necessary to consider just-in-time recovery for reliable continuous object tracking. Nevertheless, most schemes did not consider the reliable tracking to handle the situation that packet loss happen. Recently, a scheme called I-COD with retransmission was proposed to recover lost packets but it leads to increasing both the energy consumption and the tracking latency owing to the retransmission. Thus, we propose a reliable tracking scheme that uses fast recovery with the redundant boundary information to track continuous objects in real-time and energy-efficiently. In the proposed scheme, neighbor nodes of boundary nodes gather the boundary information in duplicate and report the redundant boundary information. Then the sink node can recover the lost packets fast by using the redundant boundary information. The proposed scheme provides the reliable tracking with low latency and no retransmissions. In addition, the proposed scheme saves the energy by electing fewer nodes to report the boundary information and performing the recovery without retransmissions. Our simulation results show that the proposed scheme provides the energy-efficient and reliable tracking in real-time for the continuous objects.