A Verification Method of SDN Firewall Applications

Miyoung KANG  Jin-Young CHOI  Inhye KANG  Hee Hwan KWAK  So Jin AHN  Myung-Ki SHIN  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E99-B   No.7   pp.1408-1415
Publication Date: 2016/07/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.2015EBP3329
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Fundamental Theories for Communications
Keyword: 
software-defined networking,  pACSR,  formal modeling,  formal verification,  

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Summary: 
SDN (Software-Defined Networking) enables software applications to program individual network devices dynamically and therefore control the behavior of the network as a whole. Incomplete programming and/or inconsistency with the network policy of SDN software applications may lead to verification issues. The objective of this paper is to describe the formal modeling that uses the process algebra called pACSR and then suggest a method to verify the firewall application running on top of the SDN controller. The firewall rules are translated into a pACSR process which acts as the specification, and packet's behaviors in SDN are also translated to a pACSR process which is a role as the implementation. Then we prove the correctness by checking whether the parallel composition of two pACSR processes is deadlock-free. Moreover, in the case of network topology changes, our verification can be directly applied to check whether any mismatches or inconsistencies will occur.