Beamforming Design for Energy Efficiency Maximization in MISO Channels

Jun LIU  Hongbo XU  Aizi ZHOU  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E99-B   No.5   pp.1189-1195
Publication Date: 2016/05/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.2015EBP3397
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Wireless Communication Technologies
energy efficiency,  DC program,  non-convex optimization,  the successive convex approximation,  

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This paper considers the beamforming design for energy efficiency transmission over multiple-input and single-output (MISO) channels. The energy efficiency maximization problem is non-convex due to the fractional form in its objective function. In this paper, we propose an efficient method to transform the objective function in fractional form into the difference of two concave functions (DC) form, which can be solved by the successive convex approximation (SCA) algorithm. Then we apply the proposed transformation and pricing mechanism to develop a distributed beamforming optimization for multiuser MISO interference channels, where each user solves its optimization problem independently and only limited information exchange is needed. Numerical results show the effectiveness of our proposed algorithm.