Diamond Cellular Network —Optimal Combination of Small Power Basestations and CoMP Cellular Networks —

Hidekazu SHIMODAIRA  Gia Khanh TRAN  Kei SAKAGUCHI  Kiyomichi ARAKI  Shinobu NANBA  Satoshi KONISHI  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E99-B   No.4   pp.917-927
Publication Date: 2016/04/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.2015EBP3224
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Wireless Communication Technologies
coordinated multi-point transmission,  small power base station,  diamond cellular network,  optimal resource allocation,  

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Coordinated Multi-point (CoMP) transmission has long been known for its ability to improve cell edge throughput. However, in a CoMP cellular network, fixed CoMP clustering results in cluster edges where system performance degrades due to non-coordinated clusters. To solve this problem, conventional studies proposed dynamic clustering schemes. However, such schemes require a complex backhaul topology and are infeasible with current network technologies. In this paper, small power base stations (BSs) are introduced instead of dynamic clustering to solve the cluster edge problem in CoMP cellular networks. This new cell topology is called the diamond cellular network since the resultant cell structure looks like a diamond pattern. In our novel cell topology, we derive the optimal locations of small power base stations and the optimal resource allocation between the CoMP base station and small power base stations to maximize the proportional fair utility function. By using the proposed architecture, in the case of perfect user scheduling, a more than 150% improvement in 5% outage throughput is achieved, and in the case of successive proportional fair user scheduling, nearly 100% improvement of 5% outage throughput is achieved compared with conventional single cell networks.