Fan-Out Devices Suppressed Mode Field Diameter Change for Multi-Core Fibers

Masatoshi TANAKA  Masayoshi HACHIWAKA  Hirokazu TANIGUCHI  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E99-B   No.3   pp.622-629
Publication Date: 2016/03/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.2015EBP3308
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Optical Fiber for Communications
fan-in/fan-out device,  multi-core fiber,  insertion loss,  inter-core crosstalk,  

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Fan-in/fan-out devices are necessary for the construction of multi-core fiber communication systems. A fan-out device using a capillary is proposed and made by connecting a tapered fiber bundle and a multi-core fiber. The tapered fiber bundle is elongated so that the core arrangement and the mode field diameter (MFD) of single-core fibers agree with those of the multi-core fiber. Suppressing the MFD change is necessary to reduce the coupling loss of the fan-out device. While elongating the fiber bundle, the MFD decreases at the beginning until the core reaches a certain core diameter, and then it begins to increase. We suppress the MFD change of the fan-out device by using this phenomenon. The average insertion loss at both ends of a multi-core fiber was approximately 1.6dB when the fabricated fan-in/fan-out devices were connected to the multi-core fiber.