A 60GHz-Band High-Efficiency Antenna with a Thick Resin Layer and Differentially Fed through a Hole in a Silicon Chip

Naoya OIKAWA  Jiro HIROKAWA  Hiroshi NAKANO  Yasutake HIRACHI  Hiroshi ISONO  Atsushi ISHII  Makoto ANDO  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E99-B   No.1   pp.27-32
Publication Date: 2016/01/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.2015ISP0027
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Recent Progress in Antennas, Propagation and Wireless Systems Related to Topics in ISAP2014)
Category: Antennas and Propagation
Keyword: 
differential-feed antenna,  patch antenna,  on-chip antenna,  radiation efficiency,  reverberation chamber,  

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Summary: 
For the realization of a high-efficiency antenna for 60GHz-band wireless personal area network, we propose placing a CMOS RF circuit and an antenna on opposing sides of a silicon chip. They are connected with low loss by a coaxial-line structure using a hole opening in the chip. Since the CMOS circuit is driven differentially, a differential-feed antenna is used. In this paper, we design and measure a differential-feed square patch antenna on a silicon chip. To enhance the radiation efficiency, it is placed on a 200µm thick resin layer. The calculated radiation efficiency of 79% includes the connection loss. A prototype antenna is measured in a reverberation chamber, and its radiation efficiency is estimated to be about 81±3%.