Statistical Measurement of Electromagnetic Noise Characteristics of ESD in Wireless Frequency Bands and Influence Evaluation on Communication Performance

Ryo NAKAYA  Hidenawo ANDO  Daisuke ANZAI  Jianqing WANG  Osamu FUJIWARA  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E99-B   No.11   pp.2399-2405
Publication Date: 2016/11/01
Publicized: 2016/05/25
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.2015EBP3527
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Electromagnetic Compatibility(EMC)
ESD,  noise model,  statistical characteristics,  wireless frequency band,  bit error rate,  

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Wireless body area networks (BANs) are attracting much attention due to their suitable for healthcare and medical applications. Unfortunately, electrostatic discharge (ESD) is a major electromagnetic (EM) noise source that can degrade wireless communication performance. In this study, we measure EM noise power in the 2.4GHz and 30MHz bands for indirect ESD testing specified in IEC 61000-4-2 standard, and derived a statistical ESD noise model from the measurement results. The ESD noise power was found to follow a lognormal distribution in both 2.4GHz and 30MHz bands. We use this ESD noise model to conduct bit error rate (BER) simulations in a communication channel with additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) plus ESD noise at 2.4GHz and 30MHz bands. The result is that the BER performance is virtually the same in both bands, and decreases with the signal to noise power ratio (SNR). It is also shown that an error floor exists in the BER performances at both frequencies, which, if the ESD noise power is larger than the Gaussian noise, cannot be improved by increasing the SNR. Although the ESD noise power at 2.4GHz band is nearly 30dB smaller than that at 30MHz band, the signal attenuation along the human body at 2.4GHz band is much larger compared to 30MHz band. This may yield a similar SNR level at 30MHz and 2.4GHz bands in an ESD-dominated environment, so that the 2.4GHz band does not have an obvious merit for BAN applications. Since there are so many in-band interference sources at 2.4GHz band, the 30MHz band seems more promising for vital data transmission in a BAN scenario even in an ESD-dominated environment.