A Novel Clutter Cancellation Method Utilizing Joint Multi-Domain Information for Passive Radar

Yonghui ZHAI  Ding WANG  Jiang WU  Shengheng LIU  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E99-B   No.10   pp.2203-2211
Publication Date: 2016/10/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.2015EBP3472
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Wireless Communication Technologies
Keyword: 
illuminators of opportunity,  clutter cancellation,  surveillance array,  joint multi-domain information,  constant modulus constraint,  

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Summary: 
Considering that existing clutter cancellation methods process information either in the time domain or in the spatial domain, this paper proposes a new clutter cancellation method that utilizes joint multi-domain information for passive radar. Assuming that there is a receiving array at the surveillance channel, firstly we propose a multi-domain information clutter cancellation model by constructing a time domain weighted matrix and a spatial weighted vector. Secondly the weighted matrix and vector can be updated adaptively utilizing the constant modulus constraint. Finally the weighted matrix is derived from the principle of optimal filtering and the recursion formula of weighted vector is obtained utilizing the Gauss-Newton method. Making use of the information in both time and spatial domain, the proposed method attenuates the noise and residual clutter whose directions are different from that of the target echo. Simulation results prove that the proposed method has higher clutter attenuation (CA) compared with the traditional methods in the low signal to noise ratio condition, and it also improves the detection performance of weak targets.