Extended S-Parameter Method for Measuring Reflection and Mutual Coupling of Multi-Antennas

Takashi YANAGI

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E99-B    No.10    pp.2195-2202
Publication Date: 2016/10/01
Publicized: 2016/04/22
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.2015EBP3547
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Antennas and Propagation
S-parameter method,  multiport antennas,  impedance,  mutual coupling,  measurement,  

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In this paper, a measurement method for the impedance and mutual coupling of multi-antennas that we have proposed is summarized. Impedance and mutual coupling characteristics are obtained after reducing the influence of the coaxial cables by synthesizing the measured S-parameters under the condition that unbalanced currents on the outside of the coaxial cables are canceled at feed points. We apply the proposed method to two closely positioned monopole antennas mounted on a small ground plane and demonstrate the validity and effectiveness of the proposed method by simulation and experiment. The proposed method is significantly better in terms of the accuracy of the mutual coupling data. In the presented case, the errors at the resonant frequency of the antennas are only 0.5dB in amplitude and 1.8° in phase.