A Real-Time Information Sharing System to Support Self-, Mutual-, and Public-Help in the Aftermath of a Disaster Utilizing Twitter

Osamu UCHIDA  Masafumi KOSUGI  Gaku ENDO  Takamitsu FUNAYAMA  Keisuke UTSU  Sachi TAJIMA  Makoto TOMITA  Yoshitaka KAJITA  Yoshiro YAMAMOTO  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E99-A   No.8   pp.1551-1554
Publication Date: 2016/08/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1587/transfun.E99.A.1551
Type of Manuscript: Special Section LETTER (Special Section on Information and Communication Systems for Safe and Secure Life)
Category: 
Keyword: 
Twitter,  disaster information,  disaster mitigation,  tweet mapping,  

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Summary: 
It is important to collect and spread accurate information quickly during disasters. Therefore, utilizing Twitter at the time of accidents has been gaining attention in recent year. In this paper, we propose a real-time information sharing system during disaster based on the utilization of Twitter. The proposed system consists of two sub-systems, a disaster information tweeting system that automatically attaches user's current geo-location information (address) and the hashtag of the form “#(municipality name) disaster,” and a disaster information mapping system that displays neighboring disaster-related tweets on a map.