Information and Communications Technology in Disaster Mitigation Technology

Yoshiyuki MATSUBARA  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E99-A   No.8   pp.1504-1509
Publication Date: 2016/08/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1587/transfun.E99.A.1504
Type of Manuscript: INVITED PAPER (Special Section on Information and Communication Systems for Safe and Secure Life)
disaster prevention,  disaster mitigation,  ICT,  open science,  fire and disaster management,  

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We arrange disaster mitigation activities into temporal order and discuss the contribution of information and communications technology (ICT) to the reduction of disaster damage in the stages of precaution, emergency response, and post-mortem study. Examples of the current contribution of ICT are introduced and future possible uses of ICT are discussed. We focus on the contribution of ICT to decision-making in emergency responses by augmenting human intelligence. Research directions of ICT for disaster mitigation technology are summarized in the categories “tough ICT”, “intelligence amplification for decision-making in disaster mitigation” and “safe ICT.”