Rate-Distortion Bounds for ε-Insensitive Distortion Measures


IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E99-A   No.1   pp.370-377
Publication Date: 2016/01/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1587/transfun.E99.A.370
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Information Theory
rate-distortion function,  ε-insensitive distortion measure,  optimal reconstruction distribution,  Shannon lower bound,  

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Explicit evaluation of the rate-distortion function has rarely been achieved when it is strictly greater than its Shannon lower bound since it requires to identify the support of the optimal reconstruction distribution. In this paper, we consider the rate-distortion function for the distortion measure defined by an ε-insensitive loss function. We first present the Shannon lower bound applicable to any source distribution with finite differential entropy. Then, focusing on the Laplacian and Gaussian sources, we prove that the rate-distortion functions of these sources are strictly greater than their Shannon lower bounds and obtain upper bounds for the rate-distortion functions. Small distortion limit and numerical evaluation of the bounds suggest that the Shannon lower bound provides a good approximation to the rate-distortion function for the ε-insensitive distortion measure. By using the derived bounds, we examine the performance of a scalar quantizer. Furthermore, we discuss variants and extensions of the ε-insensitive distortion measure and obtain lower and upper bounds for the rate-distortion function.