Object Detection Based on Image Blur Evaluated by Discrete Fourier Transform and Haar-Like Features

Ryusuke MIYAMOTO  Shingo KOBAYASHI  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E99-A   No.11   pp.1990-1999
Publication Date: 2016/11/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1587/transfun.E99.A.1990
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Smart Multimedia & Communication Systems)
Category: Image
Keyword: 
object detection,  image blur,  Haar-like features,  discrete Fourier transform,  

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Summary: 
In general, in-focus images are used in visual object detection because image blur is considered as a factor reducing detection accuracy. However, in-focus images make it difficult to separate target objects from background images, because of that, visual object detection becomes a hard task. Background subtraction and inter-frame difference are famous schemes for separating target objects from background but they have a critical disadvantage that they cannot be used if illumination changes or the point of view moves. Considering these problems, the authors aim to improve detection accuracy by using images with out-of-focus blur obtained from a camera with a shallow depth of field. In these images, it is expected that target objects become in-focus and other regions are blurred. To enable visual object detection based on such image blur, this paper proposes a novel scheme using DFT-based feature extraction. The experimental results using synthetic images including, circle, star, and square objects as targets showed that a classifier constructed by the proposed scheme showed 2.40% miss rate at 0.1 FPPI and perfect detection has been achieved for detection of star and square objects. In addition, the proposed scheme achieved perfect detection of humans in natural images when the upper half of the human body was trained. The accuracy of the proposed scheme is better than the Filtered Channel Features, one of the state-of-the-art schemes for visual object detection. Analyzing the result, it is convincing that the proposed scheme is very feasible for visual object detection based on image blur.