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Fuzzy Commitment Scheme-Based Secure Identification for JPEG Images with Various Compression Ratios
Kenta IIDA Hitoshi KIYA
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences
Publication Date: 2016/11/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Smart Multimedia & Communication Systems)
JPEG, fuzzy commitment scheme, image identification,
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A secure identification scheme for JPEG images is proposed in this paper. The aim is to robustly identify JPEG images which are generated from the same original image under various compression levels in security. A property of the positive and negative signs of DCT coefficients is employed to achieve a robust scheme. The proposed scheme is robust against a difference in compression levels, and does not produce false negative matches in any compression level. Conventional schemes that have this property are not secure. To construct a secure identification system, we combine a new error correction technique with 1-bit parity with a fuzzy commitment scheme, which is a well-known biometric cryptosystem. In addition, a way for speeding up the identification is also proposed. The experimental results show the proposed scheme is effective for not only still images, but also video sequences in terms of the querying such as false positive, false negative and true positive matches, while keeping a high level of the security.