Fusion on the Wavelet Coefficients Scale-Related for Double Encryption Holographic Halftone Watermark Hidden Technology

Zifen HE  Yinhui ZHANG  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E98-D   No.7   pp.1391-1395
Publication Date: 2015/07/01
Publicized: 2015/03/27
Online ISSN: 1745-1361
DOI: 10.1587/transinf.2014EDL8239
Type of Manuscript: LETTER
Category: Artificial Intelligence, Data Mining
double encryption,  halftone,  fusion,  scale-related,  holographic watermarking hidden,  

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We present a new framework for embedding holographic halftone watermarking data into images by fusion of scale-related wavelet coefficients. The halftone watermarking image is obtained by using error-diffusion method and converted into Fresnel hologram, which is considered to be the initial password. After encryption, a scrambled watermarking image through Arnold transform is embedded into the host image during the halftoning process. We characterize the multi-scale representation of the original image using the discrete wavelet transform. The boundary information of the target image is fused by correlation of wavelet coefficients across wavelet transform layers to increase the pixel resolution scale. We apply the inter-scale fusion method to gain fusion coefficient of the fine-scale, which takes into account both the detail of the image and approximate information. Using the proposed method, the watermarking information can be embedded into the host image with recovery against the halftoning operation. The experimental results show that the proposed approach provides security and robustness against JPEG compression and different attacks compared to previous alternatives.