Novel High Performance Scheduling Algorithms for Crosspoint Buffered Crossbar Switches

Xiaoting WANG  Yiwen WANG  Shichao LI  Ping LI  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E98-D   No.12   pp.2105-2115
Publication Date: 2015/12/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1361
DOI: 10.1587/transinf.2015PAP0010
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Parallel and Distributed Computing and Networking)
Category: Switching System
crosspoint buffered crossbar switches,  scheduling,  delay,  fairness,  

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The crossbar-based switch fabric is widely used in today's high performance switches, due to its internally nonblocking and simply implementation properties. Usually there are two main switching architectures for crossbar-based switch fabric: internally bufferless crossbar switch and crosspoint buffered crossbar switch. As internally bufferless crossbar switch requires a complex centralized scheduler which limits its scalability to high speeds, crosspoint buffered crossbar switch has gained more attention because of its simpler distributed scheduling algorithm and better switching performance. However, almost all the scheduling algorithms proposed previously for crosspoint buffered crossbar switch either have unsatisfactory scheduling performance under non-uniform traffic patterns or show poor service fairness between input traffic flows. In order to overcome the disadvantages of existing algorithms, in this paper we propose two novel high performance scheduling algorithms named MCQF_RR and IMCQF_RR for crosspoint buffered crossbar switches. Both algorithms have a time complexity of O(log N), where N is the number of input/output ports of the switch. MCQF_RR takes advantage of the combined weight information about queue length and service waiting time of input queues to perform scheduling. In order to further reduce the scheduling complexity and make it feasible for high speed switches, IMCQF_RR uses the compressed queue length information instead of original queue length information to schedule cells in input VOQs. Simulation results show that our novel scheduling algorithms MCQF_RR and IMCQF_RR can demonstrate excellent delay performance comparable to existing high performance scheduling algorithms under both uniform and non-uniform traffic patterns, while maintain good service fairness performance under severe non-uniform traffic patterns.