Motion of Break Arcs Occurring between Silver Electrical Contacts with Copper Arc Runners

Haruki MIYAGAWA  Junya SEKIKAWA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E98-C   No.9   pp.919-922
Publication Date: 2015/09/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
DOI: 10.1587/transele.E98.C.919
Type of Manuscript: BRIEF PAPER
Category: 
Keyword: 
electrical contacts,  electromagnetic relay,  high-speed camera,  contacts opening apparatus,  

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Summary: 
Copper arc runners are fixed on silver electrical contacts. Break arcs are generated between the contacts in a DC resistive circuit. Circuit current when contacts are closed is 10A. Supply voltage is changed from 200V to 450V. The following results are shown. Cathode spots stay on the cathode surface but anode spots run on the runner when the supply voltage is 250V and over. In cases of the supply voltage is greater than 250V, the break arcs run on the runner when the arcs are successfully extinguished, and stays on the runner in cases of the failure of arc extinction. The arc lengths just before arc extinction with or without the runners are also investigated. The arc lengths are the same with or without the runners for each supply voltage.