Compact Electro-Optic Single Sideband Modulators Utilizing Miniaturized Branch-Line Couplers on LiNbO3 Substrate

Katsuyuki YAMAMOTO  Tadashi KAWAI  Akira ENOKIHARA  Tetsuya KAWANISHI  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E98-C   No.8   pp.769-776
Publication Date: 2015/08/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
DOI: 10.1587/transele.E98.C.769
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Microwave Photonics)
Category: MWP Device and Application
electro-optic modulators,  single sideband modulation,  microwave photonics,  branch-line coupler,  

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Optical single sideband (SSB) modulation with the Mach-Zehnder (MZ) interferometer was realized by integrating the modulation electrode with the branch-line coupler (BLC) as a 90-degree hybrid onto the modulator substrate. In this paper, BLCs of the microsrtip-line structure were miniaturized on modulator substrates, LiNbO3 (LN), to realize more compact optical SSB modulators. We introduced two techniques of miniaturizing the BLC, one is using periodically installed open-circuited stabs and the other is installing series capacitors. Compared with a conventional pattern of the BLC, an area of the miniaturized BLC by using periodically installed open-circuited stubs was reduced to about 50%, and that by installing series capacitors was done to about 60%. The operation of these miniaturized BLCs was experimentally confirmed as the 90-degree hybrid at around 10GHz. Output ports of each miniaturized BLC were directly connected with the modulation electrode on the modulator substrate. Thereby, we fabricated two types of compact SSB modulators for 1550nm light wavelength. In the experiments, the optical SSB modulation was successfully confirmed by the output light spectra and the sideband suppression ratio of more than 30dB were observed.