Room Temperature Atomic Layer Deposition of Gallium Oxide Investigated by IR Absorption Spectroscopy

P. Pungboon PANSILA
Shigeru KUBOTA
Fumihiko HIROSE

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E98-C    No.5    pp.382-389
Publication Date: 2015/05/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
DOI: 10.1587/transele.E98.C.382
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Fundamentals and Applications of Advanced Semiconductor Devices)
Gallium oxide,  trimethylgallium,  remote plasma,  IR absorption spectroscopy,  adsorption,  oxidization,  

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Gallium oxide is expected as a channel material for thin film transistors. In the conventional technologies, gallium oxide has been tried to be fabricated by atomic layer deposition (ALD) at high temperatures from 100–450°C, although the room-temperature (RT) growth has not been developed. In this work, we developed the RT ALD of gallium oxide by using a remote plasma technique. We studied trimethylgallium (TMG) adsorption and its oxidization on gallium oxide surfaces at RT by infrared absorption spectroscopy (IRAS). Based on the adsorption and oxidization characteristics, we designed the room temperature ALD of Ga2O3. The IRAS indicated that TMG adsorbs on the gallium oxide surface by consuming the adsorption sites of surface hydroxyl groups even at RT and the remote plasma-excited water and oxygen vapor is effective in oxidizing the TMG adsorbed surface and regeneration of the adsorption sites for TMG. We successfully prepared Ga2O3 films on Si substrates at RT with a growth per cycle of 0.055 nm/cycle.