A 60-GHz CMOS Transmitter with Gain-Enhanced On-Chip Antenna for Short-Range Wireless Interconnections

Rui WU  Wei DENG  Shinji SATO  Takuichi HIRANO  Ning LI  Takeshi INOUE  Hitoshi SAKANE  Kenichi OKADA  Akira MATSUZAWA  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E98-C   No.4   pp.304-314
Publication Date: 2015/04/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
DOI: 10.1587/transele.E98.C.304
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Solid-State Circuit Design---Architecture, Circuit, Device and Design Methodology)
60-GHz transmitter,  CMOS,  on-chip antenna,  helium-3 ion irradiation,  short-range,  high-data-rate,  

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A 60-GHz CMOS transmitter with on-chip antenna for high-speed short-range wireless interconnections is presented. The radiation gain of the on-chip antenna is doubled using helium-3 ion irradiation technique. The transmitter core is composed of a resistive-feedback RF amplifier, a double-balanced passive mixer, and an injection-locked oscillator. The wideband and power-saving design of the transmitter core guarantees the low-power and high-data-rate characteristic. The transmitter fabricated in a 65-nm CMOS process achieves 5-Gb/s data rate with an EVM performance of -12 dB for BPSK modulation at a distance of 1 mm. The whole transmitter consumes 17 mW from a 1.2-V supply and occupies a core area of 0.64 mm2 including the on-chip antenna. The gain-enhanced antenna together with the wideband and power-saving design of the transmitter provides a low-power low-cost full on-chip solution for the short-range high-data-rate wireless communication.