Compact Stub Resonators with Enhanced Q-Factor Using Negative Order Resonance Modes of Non-Uniform CRLH Transmission Lines

Shinichi TANAKA

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E98-C    No.3    pp.252-259
Publication Date: 2015/03/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
DOI: 10.1587/transele.E98.C.252
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Microwaves, Millimeter-Waves
CRLH,  metamaterials,  Q-factor,  resonator,  dispersion diagram,  group velocity,  

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A compact composite right/left-handed transmission-line (CRLH TL) stub resonator is presented. The bandpass frequency of the resonator and the adjacent transmission-zeros are determined by the negative order resonance modes of the stub line. We demonstrate that these resonance frequencies can be arbitrarily controlled by using non-identical, unbalanced unit cells, leading to enhanced loaded-Q as well as unloaded-Q. We show that despite the presence of lumped element loss the unloaded-Q is enhanced by a factor of 2 compared to that of microstrip line as a result of nearly-zero group velocity. As a consequence, the loaded-Q can be increased without incurring significant insertion loss as in the case of conventional stub resonators on the same substrate. The physical mechanisms of the distinct features are discussed based on an equivalent dispersion diagram, a concept introduced to model general one-port CRLH TL used as a stub line.