Development of Microwave Kinetic Inductance Detector for Cosmological Observations

Kenichi KARATSU  Satoru MIMA  Shugo OGURI  Jihoon CHOI  R. M. THUSHARA DAMAYANTHI  Agnes DOMINJON  Noboru FURUKAWA  Hirokazu ISHINO  Hikaru ISHITSUKA  Atsuko KIBAYASHI  Yoshiaki KIBE  Hitoshi KIUCHI  Kensuke KOGA  Masato NARUSE  Tom NITTA  Takashi NOGUCHI  Takashi OKADA  Chiko OTANI  Shigeyuki SEKIGUCHI  Yutaro SEKIMOTO  Masakazu SEKINE  Shibo SHU  Osamu TAJIMA  Kenta TAKAHASHI  Nozomu TOMITA  Hiroki WATANABE  Mitsuhiro YOSHIDA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E98-C   No.3   pp.207-218
Publication Date: 2015/03/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
DOI: 10.1587/transele.E98.C.207
Type of Manuscript: INVITED PAPER (Special Section on Leading-Edge Applications and Fundamentals of Superconducting Sensors and Detectors)
Category: 
Keyword: 
MKID,  millimeter-wave camera,  CMB B-mode polarization,  

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Summary: 
A precise measurement of Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) provides us rich information about the universe. In particular, its asymmetric polarization patterns, B-modes, are smoking gun signature of inflationary universe. Magnitude of the B-modes is order of 10 nK. Its measurement requires a high sensitive millimeter-wave telescope with a large number of superconducting detectors on its focal plane. Microwave Kinetic Inductance Detector (MKID) is appropriate detector for this purpose. MKID camera has been developed in cooperation of National Astronomical Observatory of Japan (NAOJ), Institute of Physical and Chemical Research (RIKEN), High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), and Okayama University. Our developments of MKID include: fabrication of high-quality superconducting film; optical components for a camera use; and readout electronics. For performance evaluation of total integrated system of our MKID camera, a calibration system was also developed. The system was incorporated in a 0.1 K dilution refrigerator with modulated polarization source. These developed technologies are applicable to other types of detectors.