Fast Estimation of Shadowing Effects in Millimeter-Wave Short Range Communication by Modified Edge Representation (MER)

Maifuz ALI  Makoto ANDO  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E98-B   No.9   pp.1873-1881
Publication Date: 2015/09/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E98.B.1873
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Antennas and Propagation
Keyword: 
channel modelling,  compact range communication,  equivalent edge currents (EECs),  Fresnel zone number,  millimeter wave,  modified edge representation (MER),  

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Summary: 
Radio channel modeling is fundamental for designing wireless communication systems. In millimeter or sub-millimeter wave short range communication, shadowing effect by electrically-large objects is one of the most important factors determining the field strength and thus the coverage. Unfortunately, numerical methods like MoM, FDTD, FEM are unable to compute the field scattered by large objects due to their excessive time and memory requirements. Ray theory like geometrical theory of diffraction (GTD) by Keller is an effective and popular solution but suffers various kinds of singularities at geometrical boundaries such as incidence shadow boundary (ISB) or reflection shadow boundary (RSB). Modified edge representation (MER) equivalent edge current (EEC) is an accurate and a fast high frequency diffraction technique which expresses the fields in terms of line integration. It adopts classical Keller-type knife-edge diffraction coefficients and still provides uniform and highly accurate fields everywhere including geometrical boundaries. MER is used here to compute the millimeter-wave field distribution in compact range communication systems where shadowing effects rather than multi-path ones dominate the radio environments. For further simplicity, trigonometric functions in Keller's diffraction coefficients are replaced by the path lengths of source to the observer via the edge point of integration of the scatterers in the form of Fresnel zone number (FZN). Complexity, Computation time and the memory were reduced drastically without degrading the accuracy. The dipole wave scattering from flat rectangular plates is discussed with numerical examples.