Two-Dimensional Imaging of a Pedestrian Using Multiple Wideband Doppler Interferometers with Clustering-Based Echo Association

Takuya SAKAMOTO  Hiroki YAMAZAKI  Toru SATO  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E98-B   No.9   pp.1795-1803
Publication Date: 2015/09/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E98.B.1795
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Emerging Technologies on Ambient Sensor Networks toward Future Generation)
Category: 
Keyword: 
radar imaging,  Doppler radar,  target velocity,  human body,  

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Summary: 
This paper presents a method of imaging a two-dimensional section of a walking person using multiple Doppler radar systems. Although each simple radar system consists of only two receivers, different radial speeds allow target positions to be separated and located. The signal received using each antenna is processed employing time-frequency analysis, which separates targets in the time-range-velocity space. This process is followed by a direction-of-arrival estimation employing interferometry. The data obtained using the multiple radar systems are integrated using a clustering algorithm and a target-tracking algorithm. Through realistic simulations, we demonstrate the remarkable performance of the proposed imaging method in generating a clear outline image of a human target in unknown motion.