Effective Application of ICT in Food and Agricultural Sector — Optical Sensing is Mainly Described —

Takaharu KAMEOKA  Atsushi HASHIMOTO  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E98-B   No.9   pp.1741-1748
Publication Date: 2015/09/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E98.B.1741
Type of Manuscript: INVITED PAPER (Special Section on Emerging Technologies on Ambient Sensor Networks toward Future Generation)
ICT,  optical sensing,  infrared spectroscopy,  fluorescent X-ray spectroscopy,  visible spectroscopy,  agricultural products,  

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This paper gives an outline of key technologies necessary for science-based agriculture. In order to design future agriculture, present agriculture should be redesigned based on the context of smart agriculture that indicates the overall form of agriculture including a social system while the present precision agriculture shows a technical form of agriculture only. Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) and the various type of optical sensors are assumed to be a basic technology of smart agriculture which intends the harmony with the economic development and sustainable agro-ecosystem. In this paper, the current state and development for the optical sensing for environment and plant are introduced.