Simple Autonomous Active Period Selection with Reuse Mechanism for Cluster-Based Traffic Adaptive WSNs under Cluster Mobility

Kazuo MORI  Hideo KOBAYASHI  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E98-B   No.8   pp.1561-1570
Publication Date: 2015/08/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E98.B.1561
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Network
Keyword: 
beacon scheduling,  autonomous control,  distributed control,  cluster mobility,  traffic adaptation,  backoff,  wireless sensor networks,  beacon enabled mode,  IEEE802.15.4,  MAC,  

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Summary: 
This paper investigates active period selection for cluster-based WSNs employing traffic adaptive IEEE 802.15.4 beacon enabled medium access control (MAC) under spatial non-uniform traffic and cluster mobility environments, and proposes a simple autonomous distributed superframe duration (SD) selection scheme to enhance network performance under such environments. The proposed scheme autonomously selects an active SD at each cluster head (CH) by using beacon reception power monitoring (conducted in distributed control manner) and also introduces a beacon status notice from sensor nodes (SNs) to their parent CHs in order to prevent unnecessary SD selection at CHs. Moreover, SD reuse mechanism and joint operation with previously proposed distributed backoff mechanism are proposed for the proposed SD selection scheme to further enhance the network performance. The results of computer simulation show that the proposed scheme can improve both the transmission and power efficiency performance of cluster-based WSNs under spatial non-uniform traffic and cluster mobility environments.