Comparative Study of Open-Loop Transmit Diversity Schemes with Four Antennas in DFT-Precoded OFDMA Using Turbo FDE and Iterative Channel Estimation

Lianjun DENG
Hidekazu TAOKA

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E98-B    No.6    pp.1065-1077
Publication Date: 2015/06/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E98.B.1065
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Wireless Communication Technologies
transmit diversity,  space-time block code,  single-carrier FDMA,  channel estimation,  turbo frequency domain equalizer,  

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This paper presents comprehensive comparisons on the block error rate (BLER) performance of rate-one open-loop (OL) transmit diversity schemes with four antennas for discrete Fourier transform (DFT)-precoded Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access (OFDMA). One candidate scheme employs a quasi-orthogonal (QO) - space-time block code (STBC) in which four-branch minimum mean-square error (MMSE) combining is achieved at the cost of residual inter-code interference (ICI). Another candidate employs a combination of the STBC and selection transmit diversity called time switched transmit diversity (TSTD) (or frequency switched transmit diversity (FSTD)). We apply a turbo frequency domain equalizer (FDE) associated with iterative decision-feedback channel estimation (DFCE) using soft-symbol estimation to reduce channel estimation (CE) error. The turbo FDE includes an ICI canceller to reduce the influence of the residual ICI for the QO-STBC. Based on link-level simulation results, we show that a combination of the STBC and TSTD (or FSTD) is suitable as a four-antenna OL transmit diversity scheme for DFT-precoded OFDMA using the turbo FDE and iterative DFCE.