Model for Estimating Effects of Human Body Shadowing in High Frequency Bands

Ngochao TRAN
Tetsuro IMAI
Yukihiko OKUMURA

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E98-B    No.5    pp.773-782
Publication Date: 2015/05/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E98.B.773
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Recent Progress in Radio Propagation)
human body shadowing,  high frequency bands,  KE,  UTD,  

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In this paper, we propose a simple model for estimating the effects of human body shadowing (HBS) in high frequency bands. The model includes two factors: the shadowing width (SW), which is the width of the area with shadowing loss values greater than 0dB, and the median shadowing loss value (MSLV), which is obtained by taking the median of the shadowing loss values within the SW. These factors are determined by formulas using parameters, i.e. frequency, distance between the base station (BS) and human body, distance between the terminal and human body, BS antenna height, and direction of the human body. To obtain the formulas, a method for calculating the effects of HBS based on the uniform theory of diffraction (UTD) and a human body model comprising lossy dielectric flat plates is proposed and verified. Then, the general forms of the formulas are predicted using the theory of knife-edge diffraction (KE). A series of computer simulations using the proposed calculation method with random changes in parameters is conducted to verify the general formulas and derive coefficients for these formulas through regression formulas.