Weighted-Combining Calibration on Multiuser MIMO Systems with Implicit Feedback


IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E98-B    No.4    pp.701-713
Publication Date: 2015/04/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E98.B.701
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Wireless Communication Technologies
multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO),  channel reciprocity,  implicit feedback,  calibration,  minimum mean square error (MMSE),  

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Implicit feedback is an approach that utilizes uplink channel state information (CSI) for downlink transmit beamforming on multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems, relying on over-the-air channel reciprocity. The implicit feedback improves throughput efficiency because overhead of CSI feedback for change of over-the-air channel responses is omitted. However, it is necessary for the implicit feedback to calibrate circuitry responses that uplink CSI includes, because actual downlink and uplink channel responses do not match due to different transmit and receive circuitry chains. This paper presents our proposed calibration scheme, weighted-combining calibration (WCC); it offers improved calibration accuracy. In WCC, an access point (AP) calculates multiple calibration coefficients from ratios of downlink and uplink CSI, and then combines coefficients with minimum mean square error (MMSE) weights. The weights are derived using a linear approximation in the high signal to noise power ratio (SNR) regime. Analytical mean square error (MSE) of calibration coefficients with WCC and calibration schemes for comparison is expressed based on the linear approximation. Computer simulations show that the analytical MSE matches simulated one if the linear approximation holds, and that WCC improves the MSE and signal to interference plus noise power ratio (SINR). Indoor experiments are performed on a multiuser MIMO system with implicit feedback based on orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM), built using measurement hardware. Experimental results verify that the channel reciprocity can be exploited on the developed multiuser MIMO-OFDM system and that WCC is also effective in indoor environments.