Rice Channel Realization for BAN Over-The-Air Testing Using a Fading Emulator with an Arm-Swinging Dynamic Phantom

Kun LI  Kazuhiro HONDA  Koichi OGAWA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E98-B   No.4   pp.543-553
Publication Date: 2015/04/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E98.B.543
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Innovation of Medical Information and Communication Technology for Dependable Society)
Category: 
Keyword: 
BAN-OTA testing,  Rice channel,  fading emulator,  K-factor,  dynamic phantom,  

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Summary: 
This paper presents a new methodology for realizing a Rice channel in BAN Over-The-Air (OTA) testing using a fading emulator with a dynamic phantom. For the proposed apparatus to be effective, the fading emulator must be provided with an appropriate K-factor that represents the actual propagation environment indoors. Further, an implementation of the Rice channel to the proposed fading emulator in a BAN situation is presented. Thereafter, a calibration method for the fading emulator to adjust the actual K-factor of the on-body Rice channel is advanced. This calibration method is validated by analyzing the variations in the instantaneous K-factor attributed to the arm-swinging motion. Finally, an experiment is conducted for a continuous human walking motion with the fading emulator using an arm-swinging dynamic phantom. The results show that the developed fading emulator allows BAN-OTA testing to replicate the actual Rice channel propagation environment with the consideration of the dynamic characteristics of human walking motion.