A Receive Beamforming Technique for a Mobile Station with Multiple Antenna Arrays in Mm-Wave Cellular Communications

Rothna PEC
Joo Hyung CHOI
Yong Soo CHO

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E98-B    No.3    pp.456-466
Publication Date: 2015/03/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E98.B.456
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Wireless Communication Technologies
mm-wave,  receive beamforming,  uniform circular array,  uniform rectangular array,  DoA,  cell selection,  

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In this paper, two receive beamforming techniques (Method 1 and Method 2) are proposed for a mobile station (MS) with multiple antenna arrays in an OFDM-based millimeter-wave (mm-wave) cellular communication system. Since the MS in mm-wave cellular communication requires fast processing due to its frequent movement and rotation, a receive beamforming technique with reduced computation complexity and processing time is proposed in Method 2. Of particular interest, estimation techniques for 2-dimensional (2D) direction-of-arrivals (DoAs) corresponding to each cell ID are proposed for uniform circular arrays (UCAs) and uniform rectangular arrays (URAs). Also, a cell selection technique for MSs with multiple antenna arrays is described that use the candidate cell IDs and parameters estimated for all antenna arrays to provide combining gain in addition to array gain in multipath channels. The proposed beamforming techniques are evaluated by computer simulation using a simple model of amm-wave cellular communication system with 3-dimensional spatial channel model (3D SCM).