A System for Measuring Gaze Movement and Hand Movement Simultaneously for Hand-Held Devices

Hideaki TAKAHIRA  Kei KIKUCHI  Mitsuho YAMADA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E98-B   No.1   pp.51-61
Publication Date: 2015/01/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E98.B.51
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Quality of Diversifying Communication Networks and Services)
Category: 
Keyword: 
gaze movement,  eye movement,  head movement,  hand movement,  

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Summary: 
We develop a system for comprehensively evaluating the gaze motions of a person operating a small electronic device such as a PDA or tablet computer. When people operate small electronic devices, they hold the device in their hand and gaze at it. Their hand movements while holding the device are considered part of the movement involved in operating the device. Our measurement system uses a video camera image taken from behind the subject as a substitute for the view camera of an eye-tracking recorder. With our new system, it is also possible to measure the subject's gaze superimposed on the view image by directly inputting the display screen from a small electronic terminal or other display. We converted the subjects' head and hand movements into eye movements and we calculated the gaze from these values; we transformed the gaze coordinates into view image coordinates and superimposed each gaze on the view image. We examined this hand movement in relation to gaze movement by simultaneously measuring the gaze movement and hand movement. We evaluated the accuracy of the new system by conducting several experiments. We first performed an experiment testing gaze movement as the summation of head and eye movements, and then we performed an experiment to test the system's accuracy for measuring hand movements. From the result of experiments, less than approx. 6.1° accuracy was acquired in the horizontal 120° range and the perpendicular 90° range, and we found that the hand motions converted into the angle equivalent to gaze movement could be detected with approx. 1.2° accuracy for 5° and 10° hand movements. When the subjects' hand moved forward, the results were changed into the angle equivalent to gaze movement by converting the distance between the terminal and the subjects' eyes.