Localizing Sensors from Their Responses to Targets

Shigeo SHIODA  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E98-B   No.1   pp.145-152
Publication Date: 2015/01/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E98.B.145
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Position Papers Exploring Innovative Intelligence and Technologies in Communications)
sensor,  localization,  range free,  target detection,  optimization,  

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The spatial relations between sensors placed for target detection can be inferred from the responses of individual sensors to the target objects. Motivated by this fact, this paper proposes a method for estimating the location of sensors by using their responses to target objects. The key idea of the proposal is that when two or more sensors simultaneously detect an object, the distances between these sensors are assumed to be equal to a constant called the basic range. Thus, new pieces of proximity information are obtained whenever an object passes over the area in which the sensors are deployed. This information is then be aggregated and transformed into a two dimensional map of sensors by solving a nonlinear optimization problem, where the value of the basic range is estimated together. Simulation experiments verify that the proposed algorithm yields accurate estimates of the locations of sensors.