Magnetic Field Measurement for Human Exposure Assessment near Wireless Power Transfer Systems in Kilohertz and Megahertz Bands

Satoshi ISHIHARA  Teruo ONISHI  Akimasa HIRATA  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E98-B   No.12   pp.2470-2476
Publication Date: 2015/12/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E98.B.2470
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Electromagnetic Compatibility(EMC)
wireless power transfer (WPT),  information household appliance,  measurement method,  near field magnetic field,  human exposure,  

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A method for measuring the magnetic field strength for human exposure assessment closer than 20cm to wireless power transfer (WPT) systems for information household appliances is investigated based on numerical simulations and measurements at 100kHz and 6.78MHz. Four types of magnetic sources are considered: a simple 1-turn coil and three types of coils simulating actual WPT systems. A magnetic sensor whose cross sectional area is 100cm2 as prescribed in International Electrotechnical Commission 62233 is used. Simulation results show that the magnetic field strength detected by the magnetic sensor is affected by its placement angle. The maximum coefficient of variation (CV) is 27.2% when the magnetic source and the sensor are in contact. The reason for this deviation is attributable to the localization of the magnetic field distribution around the magnetic source. The coupling effect between the magnetic source and the sensor is negligible. Therefore, the sensor placement angle is an essential factor in magnetic field measurements. The CV due to the sensor placement angle is reduced from 21% to 4% if the area of the sensor coil is reduced from 100 to 0.75cm2 at 6.78MHz. However, the sensitivity of the sensor coil is decreased by 42.5dB. If measurement uncertainty that considers the deviation in the magnetic field strength due to the sensor placement angle is large, the measured magnetic field strength should be corrected by the uncertainty. If the magnetic field distribution around the magnetic source is known, conservative exposure assessments can be achieved by placing the magnetic sensor in locations at which the spatial averaged magnetic field strengths perpendicular to the magnetic sensor coils become maximum.