K-User Parallel Concatenated Code for Multiple-Access Channel

Guanghui SONG  Jun CHENG  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E98-A   No.9   pp.1953-1963
Publication Date: 2015/09/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1587/transfun.E98.A.1953
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Coding Theory
Keyword: 
K-user PCC,  CDMA,  IDMA,  fixed point analysis,  

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Summary: 
A K-user parallel concatenated code (PCC) is proposed for a Gaussian multiple-access channel with symbol synchronization, equal-power, and equal-rate users. In this code, each user employs a PCC with M+1 component codes, where the first component code is a rate-1/q repetition code and the other M component codes are the same rate-1 recursive convolutional (RC) codes. By designing the repetition coding rate and the RC component code, the K-user PCC achieve reliable transmission for a given number of users and noise level. Two decoding schemes are considered: low-density parity-check (LDPC)-like decoding and Turbo-like decoding. For each decoding scheme, a fixed point analysis is given to optimize the parameters: the rate of repetition component code 1/q, the number of RC component codes M, or the RC component codes themselves. The analysis shows that an accumulate code is the optimal RC component code for a K-user PCC, in the sense of achieving the maximum sum rate. The K-user PCC with an accumulate component code achieves a larger sum rate in the high rate region than the conventional scheme of an error correction code serially concatenated with spreading under similar encoding and decoding complexity.