Constrained Weighted Least Square Filter for Chrominance Recovery of High Resolution Compressed Image

Takamichi MIYATA  Tomonobu YOSHINO  Sei NAITO  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E98-A   No.8   pp.1718-1726
Publication Date: 2015/08/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1587/transfun.E98.A.1718
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Image Media Quality)
image coding,  post processing,  chrominance components,  inter component relationship,  weighted least square filter,  joint filtering,  

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Ultra high definition (UHD) imaging systems have attracted much attention as a next generation television (TV) broadcasting service and video streaming service. However, the state of the art video coding standards including H.265/HEVC has not enough compression rate for streaming, broadcasting and storing UHD. Existing coding standard such as H.265/HEVC normaly use RGB-YCbCr color transform before compressing RGB color image since that procedure can decorrelate color components well. However, there is room for improvement on the coding efficiency for color image based on an observation that the luminance and chrominance components changes in same locations. This observation inspired us to propose a new post-processing method for compressed images by using weighted least square (WLS) filter with coded luminance component as a guide image, for refining the edges of chrominance components. Since the computational cost of WLS tends to superlinearly increase with increasing image size, it is difficult to apply it to UHD images. To overcome this problem, we propose slightly overlapped block partitioning and a new variant of WLS (constrained WLS, CWLS). Experimental results of objective quality comparison and subjective assessment test using 4K images show that our proposed method can outperform the conventional method and reduce the bit amount for chrominance component drastically with preserving the subjective quality.