Effect of Load-Balancing against Disaster Congestion with Actual Subscriber Extension Telephone Numbers

Daisuke SATOH  Hiromichi KAWANO  Yoshiyuki CHIBA  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E98-A    No.8    pp.1637-1646
Publication Date: 2015/08/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1587/transfun.E98.A.1637
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Information and Communication Systems for Safe and Secure Life)
load balancing,  congestion,  disaster,  VoIP,  SIP,  network design,  systematic sampling,  subscriber extension telephone number,  

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We demonstrated that load balancing using actual subscriber extension numbers was practical and effective against traffic congestion after a disaster based on actual data. We investigated the ratios of the same subscriber extension numbers in each prefecture and found that most of them were located almost evenly all over the country without being concentrated in a particular area. The ratio of every number except for the fourth-last digit in the last group of four numbers in a telephone number was used almost equally and located almost evenly all over the country. Tolerance against overload in the last, second-, and third-last single digits stays close to that in the ideal situation if we assume that each session initiation protocol server has a capacity in accordance with the ratio of each number on every single digit in the last group of four numbers in Japan. Although tolerance against overload in double-, triple-, and quadruple-digit numbers does not stay close to that in the ideal situation, it still remains sufficiently high in the case of double- and triple-digit numbers. Although tolerance against overload in the quadruple-digit numbers becomes low, disaster congestion is still not likely to occur in almost half of the area of Japan (23 out of 47 prefectures).